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As a result of the commitment of cryptocurrencies and the expansion of personal stability, new intergovernmental initiatives are emerging to address the problems of the global financial system and to maintain public cryptocurrencies.

In early April, according to the Central Bank of Central Bank, the center may see the Central Bank’s digital currencies (CBDC) more than expected. And today, the Financial Stability Board (FSB), the international body that oversees and recommends the global financial system, announced that it has completed the first three steps required by the 20 (G20) main economic group to develop a roadmap. For cross-border payments.

Recall that in October 2019, the seven (G7) largest advanced economies groups were asked to compete with its members to improve the financial system with cryptocurrency and bandages – and to consider digital pricing.
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Meanwhile, in February, the G20, along with the Saudi presidency, asked the FSB to coordinate a three-step process to strengthen transboundary taxes in order to develop a roadmap, the FSB said in a press release. The priority of the Saudi presidency is transboundary, he added. The first step – Phase 1, the assessment – is complete, and the FSB today released a report that will present the next virtual meeting to G20 finance ministers and central bank executives next week, taking into account the technical background report.

“Improving the operational aspects of transboundary taxes can improve the efficiency and speed with which these taxes are processed,” the report said, adding that it appreciates existing agreements and challenges for global transboundary taxes.


Setting trends in the lives of seniors, several managers reveal careers in serving seniors


Being a senior director in the business industry requires more than visionary leadership skills, financial knowledge, strategic operational know-how and a gift to the organization’s leadership; it requires passion. And, most often, it is a passion that has existed for a very long time.
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“Few people just take this position,” says Joe Mikalajunas, president of Greensboro, Bell Senior Living based in North Carolina. Most senior living managers “start in the same place – in the community, serving seniors – and then climb the corporate ladder.” But here is the kicker, Mikalajunas adds: “We all have a passion to serve seniors. It’s difficult to be successful in this industry if you don’t have that passion. ”
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Passion is just one of the many features that Mikalajunas has in common with eight other industry leaders – each of whom participated in exclusive interviews with the Assisted Living Executive – who were appointed Trendsetters at Senior Living for 2009.

Thilo Best
Chairman & CEO
Horizon Bay retirement communities
Tampa, Florida
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Debut in the industry: although Best technically entered the industry in 1987, his first experience (at Prudential Insurance Company of America and Holiday Retirement Corp.) focused on the company’s financial side. However, the operational side never seemed that far. “I was still drawn in that direction,” says Best, who decided to manage Horizon Bay retirement communities in 2001.
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The most important professional achievement: “I am extremely proud of the culture we have built in Horizon Bay,” says Best. “This is a caring culture, but also a pragmatic culture.” He adds that it is important to maintain a balance between them, because “you can’t be so bureaucratic that you forget about the daily mission of taking care of your inhabitants, but you can also # 39; t be so focused on customer service that you ignore your margins. ”
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The biggest industry challenge on the horizon: “I think our biggest challenge will be the new regulations,” says Best. “At both state and federal levels, we seem to be in an era where some believe more regulation is better than less, and I think they can try to fix things that they think require more supervision through additional regulation. a real threat to the industry. ”
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Outside the c-suite: Although Best likes to play tennis, travel and read when he is not in the office, he says that his favorite activity outside of working hours is “spending time with my two daughters. a great look at matters makes me humble and helps me work on my main weakness: patience. ”
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Vicki Clark
Vintage Senior Living
Newport Beach, California

Debut in the industry: Clark has been working in the housing sector for three decades. In the early 1990s, she left an apartment in the sector to join ARV Assisted Living. A few years later, she joined her two former ARV colleagues Eric Davidson and Brian Flornes who founded Vintage Senior Living in 1998. “I feel I’ve always been in the right place at the right time,” Clark talks about both passages.
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Favorite part of the job: because all Vintage properties are in close proximity to each other, “we are able to gather all our executive directors each month for training and education,” says Clark. “The ability to see every face and hear every success every month is especially good.” These meetings are organized around a cultural environment where employees learn best when they share their experiences, peer-to-peer. Their goal is “to help our ED deal with challenges and difficulties by talking to peers,” he says.
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The most important professional achievement: in 2006 Clark received the title of Person of the Year 50+, the program of the Building Industry of America program. “I’ll never forget to stand on stage and stare at about 200 of my peers in the audience,” he says. “I do what I do because I love it, but it’s nice to be honored for it.” Clark says he remembers this experience when he feels overwhelmed. “I look at this award, take a deep breath and say to myself,” You know what? We will achieve it! ”
The biggest challenge at work: “Hiring and maintaining the right teams,” says Clark. She adds that the right assessment tool can help her – and her industry cohorts – in both tasks, but “we seem to all use specific tools.” In the coming years, Clark says that “she would like to see everyone meet to find the right solution [tool] for our industry – which would point us to the best executive directors, because finding the right people for these positions is crucial not only for the success of the community, but for our entire industry. ”
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In addition to the c: Package Like many senior living directors, Clark likes to explore the world when he has time. “I’m trying to broaden my horizons figuratively and literally,” he says. As for the first, Clark says he often needs time to “see what a senior citizen home looks like in any country I visit. It’s just a blush and really, but it still gives me some insight into the differences and similarities between our models. ”
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Granger Cobb
President and CEO
Emeritus Senior Living
Seattle, Washington

Industry debut: After four years at the beginning of his career as executive director of a nursing home in Southern California, Cobb convinced his wife that they should sell their home and buy an independent community living a few hours north of the San Francisco Bay Area. Thirteen other communities eventually joined Cobbco Inc., which merged with Summerville Senior Living in 1998 (And which in turn merged with Emeritus Senior Living in 2007). “I like to say I’ve been in the same company for 20 years, but it had three different names at the time,” says Cobb.
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Top professional achievements: Cobb claims to be the most proud of “supporting open and collaborative communication across all disciplines.” He is also happy to be able to provide employees with information and systems that “allow them to make good decisions.” Both were “the cornerstone of every company I was involved in,” says Cobb. “I focus on them wherever I am.”
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The biggest challenge at work: “Time management and reassessment of my life,” says Cobb. “The list of things that I have to do every day is long and long, so prioritizing everything and then finding time to check as many things on this list as possible can be a challenge.” He’s doing well based on technology – “my laptop and my iPhone sync with everything in my office, so I’m connected no matter where I am.”
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Outside the c-suite: Cobb mentions golf and skiing among activities he enjoys when not working. “Unfortunately, I haven’t been able to spend much time on any of these activities over the past few years,” he says. “I have two girls who are now in college, but when they were growing up, we all played golf and skiing with my wife. I would like to come back to this class with them. In the meantime, run a few times a week with my dog. ”

Rosemary Esposito
Five stars for seniors
Newton, MA
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Debut in the industry: “Taking care of seniors for many years, you can almost say that I started working at an older age while I was still working in the intensive care unit,” says Esposito, who started her career as a surgical nurse before working in hospital administration. These experiences are far from those she has become accustomed to since she joined the housing industry decades ago. “Today’s seniors have more healthcare options and alternative lifestyles,” he says. “The emergence of assisted life has contributed significantly to this.”

Best professional achievement: When Five Star Senior Living was created in 2000, its founders were to reverse the communities that had just emerged from bankruptcy. “We were a new band but we had a unified goal and strategy,” says Esposito. “Not only were we able to reverse these operations, but at the end of the first year we became an independent listed company.”
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The biggest industry challenge on the horizon: due to uncertainty in the current economy, many companies will have to make difficult decisions about cost reduction measures in the coming months and years, says Esposito. “At this time, focusing on the needs of our customers will be more important than ever,” while thinking strategically and not acting impulsively. Until the market comes alive, we must be able to deal with external pressure by fully utilizing our expenses and controlling costs without sacrificing quality or services. ”
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Apart from the c-suite: “I like to do everything that is related to the sun and the beach: swimming, going for long walks, reading a book, photographing a wonderful sunset or just collecting shells,” says Esposito. “For me, even work would be relaxing if I could set up an office on a sunny beach.”

G. Michael Leader
President and CEO
Country Meadows Retirement Communities
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Industry debut: It’s easy to say that Leader grew up in a senior industry, given that his parents founded a nursing home in 1962. It’s a bit like growing up on a farm: everyone has a role, even if he listens to table discussions. “Although Leader helped as a young man, he joined the family business until 1973. Ten years ago, Leader replaced his retired father as CEO, and today works with brother David and brother-in-law Ted Janeczek.

The most important professional achievement: “One of the things I’m most proud of is that for three straight years we’ve been recognized as one of the 100 best jobs in Pennsylvania,” says Leader. “It’s hard work, so we encourage you to know that our colleagues – that’s what we call our employees – enjoy working here.”

The biggest challenge at work: A leader is not alone when he says that he believes that dealing with the current economic environment is his biggest challenge. “Of course, we want to continue to provide quality and value to our customers, but quality has a price and we need to make sure that we value our services so that they are affordable for the market we serve,” he explains. “It’s especially important to remember that when people are practically and mentally limited by economics.”

The biggest industry challenge on the horizon: It’s no secret that the senior industry will be flooded with clients in the coming years, but Leader wonders if there will be enough employees to take care of them all. “We need to find the right people who will take care of all these customers,” he says, “but in recent years these people have not been available in abundance.”

Deborah McAneny
Assisted Living Benchmark
Wellesley, MA

Debut in the industry: Before two years ago, McAneny encouraged President and CEO Tom Grape to join Benchmark Assisted Living, she lived in the investment management industry, making her one of the few people who are a bit new in seniors’ lives. However, she wasn’t worried about moving from one sector to another. “I firmly believe that leadership is consistent across all asset classes,” says McAneny. “Regardless of the industry you’re in, it’s all about attracting and retaining great talent, courage as a manager, and creating a shared vision.”

Favorite part of the job: “I love the challenge and complexity of running and running such a company,” says McAneny. “Many components must go in the same direction for it to work and work well.” Former auditor Arthur Andersen does not, however, spend all his time thinking about the present and future of the company in his office. “As far as possible, I enter the community to see the amazing culture that we created here,” he adds.

The biggest industry challenge on the horizon: “I think our industry lacks diverse customer experience,” says McAneny, adding: “I’m not sure if the average customer can distinguish one help provider from another – or can tell what makes one provider better than the other. “Of course,” he says, “it can be both a challenge and an opportunity.”

Outside the c-suite: Together with spending time with McAnena’s family, he says: “I love skiing, I love cycling and I love traveling. Basically, I find peace in the mountains in the winter and find my peace on the bike path or in the summer by the ocean. ”

Joe Mikalajunas
Bell Senior Living
Greensboro, North Carolina

Debut in the industry: “I’ve always had a passion for helping people,” says Mikalajunas. After working as a mental health specialist, he moved to an elderly company when he joined the Senior Senior Living program in 1996. Later, while working at Harbor Retirement Associates, Mikalajunas met with Steven Bell about the opening at Bell Senior Living. “I wasn’t looking. I was happy where I was, “Mikalajunas recalls. He finally agreed to the interview, “expecting nothing more than adding new friends to my Rolodex. Instead, I was impressed. I knew it was a place I could call home. ”

Favorite part of the work: “I like to look at someone’s face when they do something they think they can’t do – this look of an unexpected surprise when they realize,” Wow, I really did it! & # 39; “He says. Mikalajunas regrets that nowadays he is unable to get into the community, but he likes to build teams that do it.” I don’t spend as much time with the residents as I usually did when I was in the community. However, at least I still I can do it through my teams, what is it all about at this level – building teams that go out there and change people’s lives. ”

The biggest challenge at work: “No complacency,” says Mikalajunas. “I think getting people excited about doing the same thing they did yesterday and to a higher level of excellence is the hardest thing you have to do in this position.” How does he achieve this? “I make them have to look at the task at hand and look at the wider picture of caring for people and changing their lives,” says Mikalajunas.

In addition to package c: “I got more jokes about it than anything else in my career, but I admit it: I’m an avid online player,” Mikalajunas says. He started playing games like World of Warcraft years ago as a way to contact his children while he was on his way to work. “I could sit in a hotel room 1000 miles from home and still spend time with them,” says Mikalajunas. He’s sticking to it today because “it helps me clear my mind. I can enter the game and have no responsibilities. I can just have fun. ”

Mark Ordan
Sunrise Senior Living
McLean, VA

Debut in the industry: Visiting the Sunrise Senior Living community in McLean, Virginia was enough to convince Mark Ordan to say goodbye to his 25-year career in the retail industry. “It was the first time I was in a helping community and was amazed at what I saw,” says former founder and CEO of Fresh Fields Markets Inc., a natural food chain that eventually sold Whole Foods. “I saw a level of care and dedication that I had never seen in a business environment before.”

Favorite part of the work: “For the first time in my career I was able to run a company that is at the core of my service. I’ve never been a part of something similar, says Ordan. “I’m guessing that many people in the industry have long since become used to it, but I still want to pinch myself.”

The biggest challenge in the workplace: “My biggest challenge is to find a way to manage this company in a very difficult economic environment, while finding a way to take us to an even higher level of care and service.” The latter cannot suffer at the expense of the former, he adds, because “the reason Sunrise exists exists is to serve seniors. We must not forget that even when we are going through difficult times, as we are now. ”

Outside the c package: When not working, Ordan replaces land legs with sea legs. “I love boating,” he says. “I think it can be said that being on the water takes me.” He doesn’t feel the wind in his hair as often as he would like today, but that’s OK. “I am very grateful to be where I am,” says Ordan. “After 25 years of running a wide range of companies, it’s nice to be in such an amazing sense of purpose.”

Bill Sheriff
Brookdale Senior Living
Brentwood, TN

Debut in the industry: although the founders Thomas Frist Sr. and Jack Massey convinced him to join American Retirement Corp. (who merged with Brookdale Senior Living in 2006) In 1984, “I will never know exactly why they were thinking [the senior living industry] it would be right for me, “says Sheriff, who previously worked for Ryder System Inc.” I’m glad they did. I’ve enjoyed it a lot over the last 25 years. ”

Favorite part of the work: “I love the aspect that serves people in the senior sector,” says Sheriff. “That’s what attracted me and I have liked it ever since.” Another positive: “In this industry it is not difficult to feel as if you are making a difference in the lives of people every day, because that’s what you do. You do it ; It’s extremely satisfying. ”

The biggest industry challenge on the horizon: Sheriff believes that a challenge that has long been a problem for seniors will remain a challenge in the future. “We still need to refresh our product,” he says. “We must continue to take the older resource and adapt it to the changing expectations of our client – and we must do it while introducing innovations in our market.”

The biggest challenge at work: “We are facing unusual times and conditions,” says the sheriff about the world’s economic problems. “It is now and will continue to be extremely difficult for people in this and every other industry to deal with what is happening, but I think that if we can focus on our mission as it is now, we will be doing well in the long run perspective. The opportunities that will appear on the other side will be significant. ”



A guide to Pensacola, Florida


Located in northwest Florida, ten miles from the Alabama Panhandle state line, Pensacola is rich in military and historical aviation as well as natural landmarks, all with the characteristics of the sun, sand, seafood and water in Florida.


Although St. Augustine, on the east or Atlantic coast of Florida, is considered the oldest city in the US and took root after Admiral Pedro Menendez de Aviles sailed to him and founded the Pensacola colony in the west or the Gulf of Mexico side could claim his title if he survived his own settlement.

Six years earlier, in August 1559, the Spanish explorer Tristan de Luna dropped his own anchor in the area of ​​local tribes called “Panzacola” for “long-haired people” with the intention of carrying out Luis de Velasco, vice-king of Mexico. The order for Spain to establish a bay settlement.

Well stocked and prepared, it was equipped with 11 ships and brought 1,500 would-be colonists, including African slaves and Mexican Indians. But history was forced to choose the wrong fork of the road when a violent hurricane decimated eight de Luna ships on September 19.

Nonetheless, in an attempt to save the expedition, he sent one of them to Veracruz, Mexico to get help, leaving immigrants living on land and surviving by running out of supplies. Instead of re-supplying the colonists, however, ships arriving a year later saved the survivors by taking them to Havana and leaving little more than a military facility by the spring of 1561. By August, a handful of soldiers had abandoned the new area and returned to Mexico, considering it too dangerous for settlement.

Although at that time it was beyond the reach of knowledge, recognizing it as the oldest, uninterrupted city in the US that it would never be able to create.

Almost 150 years passed, in 1698, in fact, foreign forces would once again try to get a foothold – in this case, Spain established a more successful garrison in today’s Pensacola and designated a colonial city for this purpose.

As often happened in history, the land, as it was once said, became an award that others sought, often by military means, and Pensacola was no exception. The Spanish initially surrendered to the French in May 1719, but this was not the end of their property. France, Spain, the United Kingdom and Spain will take possession again over the next century, until the latter finally gave Florida to the United States in 1821. Since the Confederation was also “inhabited”, Pensacola is considered a “city of five flags”. ”

Much of the nearly 500-year history has been preserved and can be seen in the Pensacola Historic District, managed by the UWF Historic Trust, the organization itself supported by the University of West Florida, and consists of 27 properties on the National Register of Historic Places.

Admission, which is only available for a week, includes guided tours and admission for visitors, and tickets can be obtained at Tivoli High House.

There are many important structures. For example, the square in Seville is the center of an old settlement and served as one of the ends of the British route parade, ending with its twin, Plaza Ferdinand VII. It was here that General Andrew Jackson adopted the territory of Spain in West Florida in 1821 and raised the US flag for the first time.

A small, preserved part of Fort George, which was the target of the Battle of Pensacola in the American Revolution, symbolizes the British occupation in 1763–1781.

It abounds in original homes, including Julee Panton Cottage, 1805 Lavalle House, 1871 Dorr House and 1890 Lear-Rocheblave House.

The Church of Old Christ, located on the square in Seville and built in 1824. By slave labor, is the oldest of its kind in the country, which still occupies its original place.

There are also several museums: TT Wentworth, Jr., the Florida State Museum, which was built in 1908 and originally served as the town hall, the Pensacola Children’s Museum, the Pensacola Multicultural Center and the Trade Museum.

Although technically not part of the historic Pensacola district, the Pensacola Grand Hotel is located within the Louisville and Nashville Railroad passenger depot, which was itself built in 1912. To replace the original Union L&N Union station from 1882, 58 years old. It is now in the National Register of Historic Places.

Restored to its original splendor and transformed into a hotel with a 15-story glass tower, it has retained much of its early decorations, including a French clay roof and ceramic mosaic floor, and is decorated with period features such as lump, cast bronze light and antique furniture.

His rich “The Restaurant” from 1912, located on the ground floor, includes a Biva door from London, a bronze cast French Philadelphia chandelier, bevelled glass from 1885. From a Victorian hotel in Scranton and a grill in the shape of a casserole Lloyd’s of London.

Naval Air Station Pensacola:

At Naval Air Station Pensacola there are several noteworthy attractions that can be accessed by the visitor’s gate and requires identification, e.g. License to enter

Located within the Navy shipyard, which was erected in 1825, it began as an aviation training station at the beginning of World War I with nine officers, 23 mechanics, eight planes and ten tents supported on the beach, and was considered the first of its kind.

Growing dramatically because of the Second World War, he trained 1,100 cadets a month who flew about two million hours together. After Naval Air’s basic training commander moved his headquarters from Corpus Christi, Texas to Pensacola, clean aircraft were added to the curriculum. Currently, 12,000 active military employees are assigned to the station, of which 9,000 undergo aviation training.

The world-famous National Maritime Aviation Museum, also located here, is the largest and one of the most visited attractions in Florida. It started not as a tourist view, but as a way to incorporate the history of naval aviation into cadet curricula, for which there was neither time nor funds for the traditional modality of books and studies.

Originally housed in a 8,500-square-foot wooden building that dates back to World War II, it became a place for the selection, collection, maintenance and display of aircraft and artifacts representing the development and heritage of the service industry. They opened their doors on June 8, 1963.

It is constantly evolving, currently it has 700 aircraft in its collection, which are exhibited in 11 other official navy museums throughout the country, but about 150 immaculately restored museums are still exhibited here after a new facility with 37 acres outside and 350,000 square feet inside space has been completed. Entrance is free.

Divided into the south wing, west wing, mezzanine on the second floor, and a separate Bay One hangar, it follows the evolution of navy aviation and aircraft that it operated from the beginning to the recent conflicts in the Middle East.

For example, the A-1 triad was named so because it operated in the three kingdoms of air (wings), water (hovers) and land (wheels). Nieuport 28, in the section of World War I, facilitated experiments with aircraft carriers, while the mammoth Navy-Curtiss NC-4, at the threshold of the Golden Age exhibition, was the first to cross the Atlantic from Trepassey, Newfoundland, to the Azores Islands from Portugal.

The speed of jet fighters during the Cold War is represented by such types as McDonnell F2H-4 Banshee, North American FJ-2 Fury and Russian MiG-15.

The central element of the West Wing is the island “USS Cabot” and a replica of the airport deck, surrounded by a rich collection of aircraft mainly from World War II, including the Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat, Vought-Sikorsky FG-1D Corsair and General Motors (Grumman) TBM Avenger.

Of the numerous exhibits on the mezzanine of the museum, which itself overlooks the South and West Wings, which can even be reached by stairs by plane, there can be none that offers more contrast than those devoted to lighters, air aviation and space exploration.

Evolved from a spherical balloon, successfully made by Montgolfier Brothers for the first time in 1783, in the first case the airships were large, controllable balloons that themselves had lift capacity, but had propulsion engines, and rudders and lifts, respectively, and control longitudinal axis (scale). The suspended gondolas housed the crew and passengers. Rigid types contained internal frameworks that were not required by non-rigid types, such as blimps.

Gondolas or control cars from L-8 and K-47 aircraft from WWII were put up. The latter, delivered on May 19, 1943, in Moffett Field, California, had an internal volume of 425,000 cubic feet.

In the second or cosmic case, the replica of the Mercury Freedom 7 space capsule, the original of which was launched at 116.5 nautical miles and carried into air / space for 14.8 minutes, represents the contribution of Naval Aviation to the Space Program, because Naval Aviator Alan B. Shepard became the first American to enter this kingdom on May 5, 1961.

An original Skylab II command module was issued, which revolved around the Skylab space station during 28 days between May and June 1973. Served by a three-man navy crew, it set several records, including the longest manned spacecraft, the largest distance traveled and the largest mass docked in space.

From the entresol and the main floor you can see the 75-meter Blue Angels Atrium, 75 feet high and 10,000 square feet high, which connects the south and west wings and contains four Douglas A-4 Skyhawks in a diving diamond painted in the aerobatic team and # 39; s navy blue.

Hangar Bay One, with 55,000 square feet of exhibition space, includes aircraft such as the Sikorsky VH-3 Sea King, which transported Presidents Nixon and Ford in the ’70s; Douglas R4D-5L Skytrain, which first landed in the Antarctic South Pole in 1956; and Grumman F-14D Tomcat, the supersonic wing fighter who recorded the last combat mission.

Services for visitors include complementary tours, a laser-powered theater with a giant screen showing many daily films, two souvenir shops and a Cubi Bar cafe.

Training flights of the famous Blue Angels demonstration team can be seen at the Museum Flight Line, north of the museum itself.

Another historic attraction at Naval Air Station is the Pensacola Lighthouse.

Due to the strategic importance of the port of Pensacola, in March 1823, Congress earmarked $ 6,000 for the construction of the lighthouse, choosing a suitable location in June, but temporarily replacing the floating alternative “Aurora Borealis” until construction was completed. Moved from the mouth of the Mississippi River, it was placed beyond the western end of the island of Santa Rosa.

The fixed structure, 40 feet wide, white brick tower with ten whale kerosene lamps, each reinforced with a 14-inch reflector, was first lit on December 20 the following year and allowed sailing ships to sail on it and then enter the port.

Although it turned out to be more useful than the floating boat he replaced, he began to reveal his shortcomings in 1850: he was disturbed by trees on the island of Santa Rosa, and his light was too dim to serve as effective navigational aid, which encouraged the newly created lighthouse recommends a replacement that goes up at least 150 feet high.

In response to this request, Congress allocated USD 25,000 in 1854, and an additional USD 30,000 two years later. Construction of the new facility, located half a mile west of the original, was completed in 1858. Rising 159 feet from a 30-foot base and narrowing to a 15-meter peak, it was lit for the first time on New Year and No. 39; s Day, 1859, author: Keeper Palmes. It contained the strongest first-order Fresnel lens available.

The Pensacola Lighthouse, currently listed in the National Register of Historic Places, offers visitors a glimpse into the life of a light guard from the mid-nineteenth century, with the Visitor Center and museum store at the Carriage House from the 1890s, by Richard C. Callaway Museum in 1869. the guards’ quarters and the 177-degree lighthouse itself, which you can climb with a view of the bay of Pensacola.

Another historically important attraction at Pensacola’s Naval Air Station is Fort Barrancas.

“Located on a cliff overlooking the bay of Pensacola, Fort Barrancas was built to protect the United States from foreign invaders,” according to the National Park Service. “Once considered indispensable for national defense, today Fort Barrancas illustrates the evolution of military technology and America’s values.”

Shortly after Spain surrendered Florida to the United States, the United States Navy chose Pensacola Bay as its main yard in the Gulf Coast Navy, and at the same time, Corps of Engineer Corps officers were sent to explore the shoreline with the intention of building fortifications to protect Navy Shipyard itself.

Built over the ruins of a Spanish fort from 1798, designated as Fort San Carlos de Barrancas – “Barrancas” is the Spanish word for “bluffs” – it was the third such fortification in the bay. The existing Batteria de San Antonio from 1797 has been preserved and modified.

Taking form between March 21 and September 21 by the hands of enslaved workers who worked from sunrise to sunset, it included substantial armament, including ten 24-pounder cannons.

Although it was built as a defensive structure, it engaged in combat only during the Civil War.

Due to new changes in cannons and warships, the US government began evaluating proposals for a new coastal defense in 1885, and after closing the curtain during World War II, a surplus was announced in 1947.

The trail leads from the Visitor Center to a real kite-shaped fort, whose significant features include a slope and a counter-slope, ditch, drawbridge, port sally, guard room, open parade area and water accumulator. The tunnel connected the last two. Cannon shells fired from the water accumulator itself were supposed to bounce off the bay and hit ships on their water lines.

The walls of the fort, four feet thick and 20 feet high, consisting of six million bricks, have arches and precious ceilings.

The nearby Advanced Redoubt, built in 1845–1870, protected the northern side of the peninsula, the location of Pensacola Navy Yard.

Pensacola Beach:

Connected by a bridge and a dike, across the Gulf Breeze, to the mainland, Pensacola Beach, eight miles from downtown Pensacola and accessible through Interstate 110 South, is a narrow stretch of sweet sand on the Santa Rosa Barrier Island, overlooking the emerald waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico, and offering ocean-related activities such as swimming, sunbathing, fishing, snorkelling, sailing and diving. Fiery reds, chartreuse and purple sunsets regularly paint the sky.

There are many beach hotels such as Surf and Sand, Margaritaville Beach and Portofino Island Resort, as well as well-known names such as Hampton Inn, Hilton, Holiday Inn, SpringHill Suites and Days Inn. Florida-looking seafood restaurants with indoor and outdoor seating with water views include restaurants such as Hemingway Island Island Grill, Flounder’s Chowder House, Grand Marlin, Shaggy’s Pensacola Beach and Peg Leg Pete & # 39; p.

The Pensacola Gulf Pier, extending 1,471 feet, allows bluefish, pompano, redfish, Spanish mackerel and sea trout to be fished. Flounder cannot be ruled out.

The self-driving trail in the Sand Eco Tour, marked with information signs, gives the opportunity to get to know local plants and animals, including dolphins, sharks, turtles, birds, fish and flowers. Everyone explains a different ecological topic.

Pensacola Beach is part of the Gulf Islands National Seashore, which itself stretches 160 miles from Fort Walton Beach, Florida to Cat Island, Mississippi and includes barrier islands, sea forests, bays, marine habitats and historic forts. The park’s headquarters, offering orientation videos and exhibits for the Live Naval Oaks area, is located in Gulf Breeze, an island between the mainland and Pensacola Beach.

The national coast shaped by the Gulf of Mexico retains the pockets of American history and culture and surrounds guests with flora and fauna in Florida. In the emptiness created by water and sky, for example, the surface of dolphins, starfish swimming, and pelicans and seagulls allow the breeze to carry them across the panorama.

One of the monuments on the national coast of the Gulf of Mexico is Fort Pickens, located at the western end of the island of Santa Rosa, opposite the entrance to the bay of Pensacola Bay from Fort Barrancas. Named after Brigadier General Andrew Pickens, a patriot who fought honors in South Carolina during the War of Independence, was once the largest brick building in the Gulf of Mexico.

Tracking its origins until 1821, when the Third Coastal Fort System was extended to protect Pensacola Bay and its mainland communities, it adopted a second goal four years later, when the legislator established a shipyard and naval warehouse. As part of a trio of defense, he was supposed to guard the western end of the island of Santa Rosa in cooperation with the cliff fortifications north of the canal and the eastern end of Perdido Key.

Its construction, under the supervision of the US Army Corps of Engineers, began in 1829. After the government purchased 998 acres of land, and the pentagonal structure built of over 21.5 million bricks and equipped with over 200 cannon was completed five years later

“(Workers) used building materials such as lime, water and sand to mix the mortar; sawn timber for grilling and for the construction of quays, scaffolding and ancillary buildings; lead sheets for waterproof casemate arches and for gutters and drains; granite for steps and traverses stones; copper sheet, rods and holders for use in powder storage; (i) brick for the main work and counterattack, “according to the National Park Service.

Requiring a garrison of 500 people during the war, but capable of holding a double number in an emergency, the five-bastion structure, consisting of one casemate level and a barb level, was able to release the ring of fire from the sea side of the wall.

In this case, the only fight she has ever experienced was during the Civil War.

Today, visitors still enter Fort Pickens through their original bollard, the main entrance protected by a heavy oak door. The plaster-lined quarters were used as both residences and hospital rooms. Arched casemates provided protected artillery positions and a base for second-level guns. The three main chambers, each containing 1,000 pounds of gunpowder, were connected by a tunnel system. The powder magazines storing the black fort power supply were lined with wood to keep them dry and require slipper-covered soldiers who entered them to prevent potential spark ignition. The generator room was the location of steam generators installed in 1903. In order to supply electricity to spotlights and other modern devices.

The counterattack created a dry mount to protect the fort from land attacks. Rainwater was collected and stored in drinking tanks. And the tower bastion, directed straight across the canal, provided port security.



15 romantic trips to the lighthouse for Valentine’s Day and more


Lighthouse Inns – United States

Popham Beach Bed and breakfast

4 Riverview Avenue, Popham Beach – Phippsburg, ME 04562

Telephone: (207) 389-2409 Fax: (207) 389-2379

Although technically not a lighthouse, this former rescue station offers views of several lighthouses on the Kennebec River in Maine, including the island of Seguin. And it especially qualifies as a romantic party because you may have seen it in the movie Message in a Bottle. Right on the beach there are four rooms to choose from, which include a two or three-course breakfast served in the former dining room.

The Cove Bed and breakfast

Lighthouse1 Loop Road – PO Box 1300, Ocracoke, North Carolina 27960

Telephone: (252) 928-4192 Fax: (252) 928-4092

Six tastefully decorated rooms and a cottage include The Cove amenities. This is not a lighthouse, but is located at Outer Banks, North Carolina, just a stone’s throw from the Ocracoke Lighthouse. By ferry you can get to an island where you can do nothing and do everything from beach walks to fine cuisine. Lack of information about breakfast, except that it is delicious. Tip: The sunset side offers a view of the lighthouse.

Heceta Head Bed and breakfast

92072 Hwy. 101 South, Yachats, OR 97498

Phone: Free 1- (866) -547-3696

Imagine staying in one of the six rooms in the original lightkeeper house on the Oregon coast. And waking up for a seven-course breakfast. And falling asleep in front of the First Order Fresnel lens, flashing a warning. There is nothing better than this. Oh wait, did I mention fireplaces to rest at night? Or maybe two lighthouse cats are available for cuddling? Tip: Victoria’s Room can come with a guest … Rue, the famous spirit of the house.

Lighthouse Inn at Point Cabrillo

45300 Lighthouse Road, P.O. Box 641, Mendocino, CA 95460

Phone: Free: 866-937-6124

Four original guest rooms and two cabins are available for rent in the original Lightkeeper house at Point Cabrillo Lighthouse. All rooms have ocean views. The Lightkeepers room in the main building is darkened and overlooks the Fresnel of the Third Order. The hotel offers a five-course gourmet breakfast, and all guests can enjoy a night tour of the working lighthouse.

Light Brother East Brother

117 Park Place, Point Richmond, CA 94801

Phone: (510) 233-2385

Four rooms at this inn are located directly in the lighthouse, and the fifth in the original fog light building. A stay at the lighthouse includes champagne upon arrival, a multi-course wine dinner and a full gourmet breakfast the next morning. Guests are guaranteed a full trip around the island. Special discounts for January, February and March.

Sand Hills Lighthouse Inn

Five Mile Point Road P.O. Box 298 Ahmeek, MI 49901

Phone: (906) 337-1744

Eight charming rooms, each with private bathroom and two with jacuzzi and balcony are furnished in Victorian style. Breakfast is served for lovers late at 9:30. The original lighthouse lens is found at home in the lighthouse keeper’s office. Enjoy the majesty of Lake Superior or warm up by playing pool in the recreation room. And enjoy the stars at night … without light pollution to disturb (watch out for the northern lights).

Big Bay Point Lighthouse Bed and Breakfast

# 3 Lighthouse Road, Big Bay, Michigan 49808

Phone: (906) 345-9957

The special Valentine’s Package February 13-17 (completed for this year, of course) includes two nights with a full breakfast each morning, two hour relaxing massages, a basket of romantic gifts, flowers and dinner at the Thunder Bay Inn. The lighthouse also serves as a spa with full sauna facilities and a massage room. You can try hot stone massage and the Dead Sea massage. Or maybe a relaxing massage (Swedish) and a herbal body wrap. Whatever you choose, it will be a perfect winter getaway with your sweetheart.

Lighthouse Inns – Caribbean Islands

Palmetto Point Lighthouse (Bahamas)

2309 Woodview Road, Kinston, NC 28504

Phone: 561-395-0483

Not a bed and breakfast, but a full-size house in the only summer house in the Bahamas. It is available as a weekly rental, with three bedrooms, two full bathrooms, air conditioning and a pink sandy beach just outside the door. Yes, pink What other color suits your love?

Lighthouse Inn (Jamaica)

West End Road, Negril, Jamaica

Phone: (876) 957-4052

Located in front of the Negril lighthouse, these guest houses are the perfect place to escape in the middle of winter. The houses are located in the “almost untouched” natural surroundings of the garden, and the Inn restaurant advertises them as famous for excellent romantic dinners. And of course in Jamaica, you have all the normal things to see and do, except the lighthouse, such as diving, sailing, swimming and more.

Lighthouse Inns – Australia and New Zealand

Cape Otway Lightstation (Australia)

Great Ocean Road, Cape Otway, Victoria, Australia

Telephone: 03 5237 9240 (intl: +61 3 5237 9240)

Can anything be better than this? The station is in the heart of the Great Ocean Walk and is the oldest surviving lighthouse on the continent in Australia. You can choose from three types of accommodation, from the Main Guard House (up to 16 people) or two Bed and Breakfast Buildings, Bed and Breakfast Head Lightkeeper or the newer Bed and Breakfast Manager’s House. The food is homemade at the lighting station by Greek and French chefs.

The Lighthouse and The Keep (New Zealand)

326 The Esplanade, Island Bay, Wellington, NZ (lighthouse)

116 The Esplanade, Houghton Bay, Wellington, NZ (The Keep)

AFTER. Box 11275, Wellington, New Zealand

Telephone / fax (04) 472-4177 Mobile phone: 027-442-5555

For a completely different experience than Cape Otway, you can stay in the rustic lighthouse or its companion, The Keep. In the lighthouse, the lower floor is the kitchen and bathroom, the middle floor has a bedroom, and the upper floor (lighthouse room) has a living room. The site says you can sleep on the top floor if you want, as long as you’re ready to wake up by sunrise. Many breakfast products to choose from. The fortress is a stone building located on a mountain slope, with a living room and kitchen on one level, and a bedroom and bath tub (with spa) on the next. The flap opens to the roof.

Lighthouse Inns – The Netherlands

Lighthouse in Harlingen

NLDromen aan zee, Postbus 89, 8860 AB Harlingen

Phone: +31 (0) 517 414410

A one-room hotel is called a decommissioned lighthouse. The lighthouse is only available for two people and includes breakfast. Additional amenities may include champagne, red roses and a champagne breakfast. If the lighthouse is reserved (2008 is full), you can always stay in the harbor crane or lifeboat.

Lighthouse Inns – Sweden

Damman Lighthouse Waterhotel

Kalmar Sound, Baltic Sea

“Queen of the Baltic” Damman Island Lighthouse in Sweden is a hotel offering a full range of services, created from an abandoned lighthouse. Updates are underway and plans for this year include the addition of wind generators. The light is open all year round, but the weather can make a difference. The hotel has a sauna, including one on a pontoon boat, Misty Sauna with a bar where you can swim around Kalmar Sound and enjoy a real Swedish sauna and then immerse yourself in the Baltic Sea. Menus are created especially for you.

Lighthouse Inns – United Kingdom

Corsewall Lighthouse Hotel

Corsewall Point Kirkcolm, Stranraer, Scotland DG9 0QG

Phone: 01776 853220

Although this luxury hotel is for sale (you have $ 2.5 million to lose?), It is still open. And for a romantic, award-winning sample restaurant menu you have to die. But if your stay in the hotel is not private enough for you, there are two new apartments with a spectacular sea view about three minutes from the main hotel building. Golf nearby (of course, it’s Scotland after all), and museums can fill your free time.

Trinity House lighthouses

Managed by Village Retreats

Thirty, yes thirty, lighthouses to choose from, from Cornwall to Devon, from the Isle of Wight to Yorkshire. Trinity House, the British Lighthouse Authority, has renovated an amazing number of lighthouse keepers’ houses and rents them through Rural Retreats. You will definitely find something for romantic moments together. On the website, click the lighthouses on the left and you will see a list of accommodation. The Alderney Lighthouse in the Channel Islands is one of those available for rent.

Okay, so there were more than 15, since the last was 30. But even if you don’t get to the romantic hideout in the lighthouse on Valentine’s Day, it will always be next. Tell your baby to save (and book now). To view photos and links, visit Lighthouse News.



A tourist guide to Outer Banks in North Carolina


1. Introduction

A remote and removed, thin strip of interconnected barrier islands that stretch about 130 miles along the coast of North Carolina and form outer shores, seem more part of the Atlantic than the continent to which they are attached by dykes, bridges and ferries. Islands in the sand and dunes, whose dunes flow away and flow with sometimes wicked winds, like swaying boats, serve as the threshold for North America – or its end – depending on the direction of travel.

Defined by land or not, a trip here may include sailing, fishing, canoeing, water skiing, parasailing, hang gliding, kite, sand dune climbing, dolphin watching and sand surfing. Above all, however, it is about the first – the first English colonists who leave footprints in the sand, the first pilots who leave footprints in the sand when they conquered a flight, and the sea, dunes and wind that enabled both.

2. From the mountains to the banks

Although these flat, wet islands and patches of the Outer Banks could not more oppose the towering Appalachians that rise in the west, it was from these peaks that emanated, becoming their third edition.

Rivers, which are collections of rainwater, flowed east of them, rapidly falling off the edge of the second or lower topographic feature of Piedmont. Coastal currents, followed by interaction and formation, like clay, of their sediment, came from this mountainous origin 25,000 years ago, after the creation of the dam islands and their water threshold beaches.

Because the currents are not static, their forces, which never rest, still transform and rearrange these masterpieces of the island, because they are subjected to the constantly decaying hands of wind and water. This dynamic phenomenon is the key to their protective nature, because they protect a more permanent continent and, like shock absorbers, often face the first hurricanes and other systems of difficult weather conditions.

These sounds, created and defined by the forces of nature, form the second largest estaurine system in the US after Chesapeake Bay, covering almost 3,000 square miles and draining 30,000 square miles of water.

“A thin, broken strip of islands,” according to the National Park Service, “turns toward the Atlantic Ocean and back again in the sheltered embrace of the continent’s shores and islands off the coast of North Carolina.”

3. Access and orientation

Outer Banks consists of Northern Beaches, with cities such as Kitty Hawk, Kill Devil Hills and Nags Head; Roanoke Island; and Cape Hatteras National Seashore, which consists of the islands of Bodie, Hatteras and Ocracoke.

Scheduled air services are provided to Norfolk and Raleigh-Durham International airports in Virginia and North Carolina, respectively, and charter fights take place at Dare County Regional Airport on Roanoke Island. Private aircraft operate the First Flight Airstrip airfield in Kill Devil Hills and Billy Mitchell airport on Hatteras Island.

Roads to Outer Banks lead US 158 and Wright Memorial Bridge from North and US 64 through the 5.2 mile long Virginia Dare Memorial Bridge, Roanoke Island, Nags Head-Manteo Causeway and Washington Baum Bridge from the west. From the north, the route leads to the four-lane artery 158 USA and traverses the island with a length of 16.5 miles, gaining access to shops, shops, restaurants and attractions. The narrower, two-lane NC 12, also known as “Beach Road” – serves to protect residential communities, hotels and restaurants, often overlooking the Atlantic. The same road leads through the island of Hatteras, and after an additional journey by ferry to the island of Ocracoke.

4. Kitty Hawk

Despite beliefs and books on aviation history, on the contrary, Kitty Hawk was not the site of the first successful flight in the world, although the Wright Brothers stayed in the village. Instead, this historic event occurred about four miles south of it, in Kill Devil Hills. Nevertheless, next to the Aycock Brown Welcome Center there is still an aeronautical attraction that itself offers brochures and travel planning information on monuments, restaurants, entertainment, shops and hotels.

Marked as the Memorial of the Centenary of Flight, it was created by Icarus International and dedicated on November 8, 2003. On the hundredth anniversary of powered flights to celebrate the history, beauty and mysteries of flight and soaring of the human spirit. Set against the open sky of Kitty Hawk to create a contemplative environment, the monument itself consists of 14 wing-shaped stainless steel poles, rising from ten to 20 feet in orbit 120 feet to reflect the distance of the Wright Brothers & # 39; the first flight of December 17, 1903, representing human climbing into the sky and outer space.

“Humanity is a continuum of pioneers,” according to the monument, “sharing timeless dreams and unlimited possibilities of enormous unexplored worlds.”

Black granite panels are engraved on the 100 most important aviation achievements of the last century, and the middle six-meter dome depicts the continents and is marked with the words: “When Orville Wright rose from the sands of Kitty Hawk at 10:35 am December 17, 1903. We were on the road to the moon and beyond. ”

5. Kill Devil Hills

Kill Devil Hills is, of course, the site of the world’s first propelled, controlled and sustained flight, as well as the Wright Brothers National Monument, visible from 158 USA, pays homage to him.

Although the Wrights were raised in Dayton, Ohio, they conducted all their early experiments in non-propulsion (glider) and propulsion (aircraft) in North Carolina because they offered high dunes for pedestrian take-offs, strong winds to generate lift at minimal ground speed, soft landing sand without a wheel, without damage and isolation from the press and spectators.

According to the Visitor Center museum, which shows sports exhibits, reproductions of a glider from 1902 and a flyman Wright from 1903, Conversations and programs of the National Park Service and a book / souvenir shop – the brothers were inspired and based their designs on the assumed aerodynamic principles by four earlier pioneers: Sir George Cayley (1773–1857), who created the foundation of aerodynamics; Alphonse Penaud (1850-1880), who built a model of a planophone driven by a rubber band and flew 131 feet on it; Otto Lilienthal (1848-1896), who conducted extensive experiments on gliders; and Octave Chanute (1832–1910), which became a virtual clearing house for all aviation-related events and published them in a book entitled ‘Progress in Flying Machines’. The Wright Brothers & # 39; the biplane was actually its own virtual copy.

According to the museum, the monument is the birthplace of aviation. “Here, December 17, 1903, Wilbur and Orville Wright made their first successful energy-driven flight in world history,” he says. “Wrights believed that man-made flight is possible and can be achieved through systematic research.”

This systematic approach, combined with their intuitive mechanical ability and analytical intelligence, allowed them to understand that lifting resists weight and that pressure resists resistance, but, more importantly, this flight can only be overcome by controlling its three transverse, longitudinal and vertical. This lack of understanding caused all previous experimenters to fail.

By developing control surfaces to tame them and thereby maintain aircraft stability, they were able to transform their non-powered gliders subjected to hundreds of pedestrians from nearby Kill Devil Hill into a successful Flyer Wright.

Two reconstructed buildings represent Wright Brothers & # 39; Camp in 1903, That on the left hangar, and on the right their workshop and living quarters with a stove, primitive kitchen, pantry, table and ladder to access the slings hanging on the rafters that served as their bunks.

A commemorative granite boulder marks the starting point of four successful flights on December 17, 1903, and markers placed in the field indicate the distance of each of them and the air time required to reach them.

By taking control of Wright’s Leaflet, while Wilbur served as a “ground crew” and stabilized his wings, Orville left the starting line at 10:35 on this historic day, beating 120 feet in 12 seconds, while Wilbur himself, piloting another attempt, beat 175 feet at the same time. The penultimate fight flew 200 feet in 15 seconds, and the last, longest, defeated 852 feet in 59 seconds, after which damage to the aircraft, along with severe weather at the end of the season, prevented further testing and the brothers returned to Ohio.

According to a boulder erected by the National Aeronautics Association of the USA on December 17, 1928. To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the event: “The first successful flight of the aircraft was made from this place by Orville Wright, December 17, 1903, in a machine designed and built by Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright. ”

The former sea of ​​sand and dunes stretching from the first volatile boulder, still interacting with the wind just like the gliders and powered Wright constructions, was now replaced by a sloping green field, but the aerodynamic forces invisibly rubbing against the delicate ends of the grass still caused it to sway, be maybe in the memory of this event over a hundred years later.

The distance from the starting point, marked by the starting track, to the fourth and furthest marker, requires a vigorous walk with the legs with which the man was endowed, but in 1903 it was covered with wings, which the birds were given. The Wrights successfully crossed human and animal species manifested as a machine.

The 60-meter monument, mounted on the 90-meter grassy now dune Kill Devil Hill opposite the First Flight airport with a 3,000-meter runway, is the starting point for hundreds of unpowered Wright glider flights.

“… the sand blinds us” – they wrote then. “Blows through the earth in the clouds. Certainly we can’t complain about this place. We came here for the wind and sand, and we got them. ”

The full-size stainless steel Wright Flyer sculpture, located on the other side of the hill at the base and weighing much more than the original 10,000 pounds aircraft, depicts the historic first flight with photographer John Daniels from a local rescue station, I’m going to take the only photo ever taken.

The Centennial Pavilion, across the parking lot from the combined visitor center, museum and aviation hall, offers movies, aviation and Outer Banks exhibitions.

6. Nags Head

Just a few kilometers south of Kill Devil Hills, in Nags Head, there is another flight attraction, Jockey’s Ridge State Park.

In one of 35 North Carolina state parks and four recreational areas that stretch from Mount Mitchell – the highest peak in the west to Jockey’s Ridge in the east, the 425-acre area has the highest dune on the coast that has changed altitude over the years 90 to 110 feet.

The Visitor Center has a museum with photos of the dune and its evolution, as well as exhibitions of the surrounding flora and fauna, and two hiking trails provide first-hand exposure in the park: 45-minute Soundside Nature Trail and 1.5-mile Tracks in the sand . But its jewel is undoubtedly the dune itself and is synonymous with hang gliding. The way Kill Devil Hills was the birthplace of powered flights was also Nags Head for a non-powered flight because sport has its roots in many ways.

Francis Rogallo, like the Wright Brothers, who preceded him for almost five decades, laid the foundation for this sport and is therefore considered “the father of modern hang gliding.” Trying to make flying accessible and accessible to everyone, he soared into the sky in 1948 on a makeshift glider, whose wings were assembled from the kitchen curtains of his wife, saying: “It was my intention to give everyone the opportunity to experience first hand flight.”

Following in the footsteps of Wright in the sand until they disappeared into the sky, he used the same techniques of firing feet, less than five miles from those used in Kill Devil Hills.

Kitty Hawk Kites, who serves Jockey’s Ridge and was founded in 1974, teaches both takeoff and towing hang gliders, and today is the world’s largest flight school with over 300,000 students on its list.

Initial certified instructor lessons include ground clearance, dune foot start, and 5 to 15-foot soaring.

Hang Gliding Spectacular, the longest-held hang gliding competition, is held annually in May at Jockey’s Ridge.

7. Roanoke Island

The island of Roanoke, located between the North Beaches of the Outer Banks and the mainland Dare, eight miles long and two miles wide, is the site of the first English settlement in the New World and has several attractions for its interpretation.

Manteo, its commercial and government center, is a charming coastal city of artists, fishermen, taverns, guesthouses, cafes, souvenir shops, galleries, restaurants, promenades and the 53-slip Shallowbag Bay marina and its history is reflected in street names such as Queen Elizabeth Avenue and Sir Walter Raleigh Street.

Named after the Croatian commander, who returned with the first English explorers at the end of the 16th century, and was incorporated as a city in 1899, it offers several of its own attractions. For example, Magnolia Marketplace is an outdoor pavilion used for city sponsored events. Tranquil House Inn, located on Queen Elizabeth Avenue, resembles the magnificent 19th-century Outer Banks seaside hotel with wooden cypriot, oblique stained glass window, rear verandas overlooking the bay, four-poster beds, continental breakfast, afternoon wine and cheese and its own 1587 Restaurant.

Another attraction is the North Carolina Maritime Museum, the main facility in Beaufort, located at George Washington Creef, which overlooks the Croatian Sound. Before the fire in 1939, the Manteo boat building industry was located nearby, and the current structure was built by the son of Creef the following year to repair the shadboats designed by his father, which then became the state & # 39; official ship.

More a workshop than a museum, it gives visitors the opportunity to see how most volunteers renew and rebuild wooden hulls, although the shadboat itself is exhibited along with other souvenirs.

The promenade leads to another of the city’s attractions, the Roanoke Marshes lighthouse. External reconstruction of square, summer houses with a lighthouse, which led ships through a narrow channel between Pamlico and the Croats, on the southern side of the island in the area called “Roanoke Marshes” in 1877–1955, the original was decommissioned, a year, but swallowed by water when trying to move.

The current replica, with a solid white light, fourth order Fresnel lens, was sacrificed in 2004, during which mayor John Wilson said: “In the coming years, when islanders mingle with guests along the Manteo waterfront, let’s remember this here , where so many ships were built and launched, dreams still light up the road … the lighthouse now casts a calming beam on the night sky … ”

Inside you can see photographs and exhibits from the lighthouse and maritime history.

A fast ride down Queen Elizabeth Avenue and the Cora Mae Bas Bridge leads to Roanoke Island Festival Park, a 25-hectare, discovered, living historical complex that celebrates America’s first English settlement with several plays.

For example, the city of American Indians depicts the coastal Algonquian culture that flourished on Roanoke Island and the surrounding area for thousands of years until 1500, when its nomadic hunter lifestyle was transformed into a more sedentary, agricultural-based lifestyle.

There was no written language. As a result, first-hand accounts of English explorers, archaeological finds discovered in the region, as well as the oral tradition of telling stories and crafts formed the basis of the park’s exhibits.

Under Queen Elizabeth I, the first expedition, organized by Sir Walter Raleigh, but undertaken by Captain Arthur Barlowe and scientist Thomas Harriot, arrived on the shores of the New World in 1584. And they both recorded their impressions of the land they hoped for colonization . A reproduction of a small Indian city is representative of the type they encountered.

The basic structure in each Algonquian settlement was the house of “emptiness” or “leader” and was divided into an internal perimeter that was intended for public use and served as a guest and entertainment part as well as internal rooms where private functions took place, such as meetings at high level and family activities.

Several English explorers were greeted by the wife of local leader Granganimeo, and then led to the outside rooms on the outskirts of the house, where they were heated by fire while their feet were washed and their clothes washed before being led to the inner room for the feast.

Another typical settlement structure was a long house. Supported on spars, whose bark was spread from young trees, it adopted a curved roof to reduce susceptibility to wind, and its poles were attached with a rope. His skeleton was then covered with reeds or bark mats.

Mats or skins of animals equally covered a small door to reduce heat loss.

Other homes, outdoor cooking and eating places, and shelters surrounded a long home, and corn and other staples were usually grown on the ground.

The settlements normally supported 100 to 200 rural residents and were released when the land they were on ceased to be cultivated, although the decade between abandonment and re-occupation usually restored farming.

Life in India is additionally illustrated with demonstrations of chaining and preparing meals, kayaks and fishing weirs.

Perhaps the most important point of Roanoke Island Festival Park is the moored and visited ship Elizabeth II, whose crew, like the rest of its places, is served by costume interpreters.

The replica, built in 1983. The North Carolina Maritime Museum on the other side of the bay, 69 feet long and 17 feet wide, consists of the then three-masted merchant ships. Representing a type originally constructed for the transport of a second, or 1585, expedition colonists after Thomas Cavendish pawned his estate for its financing, the ship commemorating the 400th anniversary of the event, uses hand-hewn juniper wood and locust pegs in the keel, frame and plank. Although a relatively small vessel with a displacement of 50 tons and a main mast of 65 feet was intended mainly for European commercial voyages, it also sailed well across the open sea.

In the years 1584–1590, eight English expeditions were carried out, in which 22 ships and 1,200 soldiers, sailors and colonists (including 28 women and children) participated.

On the estate complex, which is the first English military on American soil, there is a sergeant’s tent, forge and blacksmith, lathe with feet and ropes configuration and a palisade.

In addition to these exhibits, the Roanoke Island Festival Park also has a visitor center; the film “The Legend of Two-Path;” Roanoke Adventure Museum; and a significant gift shop.

The chronicle of the first English settlers was compiled at another important attraction of Roanoke Island, Fort Raleigh National Historic Site.

Although Sir Walter Raleigh himself never set foot in the New World, he received a statute from Queen Elizabeth I, as already mentioned, to begin the first of three so-called “Roanoke Journeys” to America in 1584. To choose a place for colonization, set up a camp from which you can send raids to Spanish ships and look for precious metals such as gold. Arrived in July.

After returning to England, it was decided that the island, due to the protected shores, was the optimal location, and its land was very well evaluated, as captain Arthur Barlowe expressed in his report to Sir Walter Raleigh.

“We discovered that it was the most pleasant and fertile land,” he wrote, “supplemented with good cedars and a variety of other sweet forests full of currants, flax and many significant commodities … The soil is abundant, sweet, fruitful and healthy for the whole world. ”

The second expedition, sent the following year with 108 soldiers, aimed to make England’s final claim.

In the direction of this more permanent settlement, an earth fort was built on the north side of the island, but the decline in previously friendly relations with Native Americans occurred when they began to succumb to diseases introduced by the English and winter, the not so generous crops and food in the warmer months caused the colonists to become more and more dependent on Native Americans until relations became strained. The killing of the Chief Wingina, the most important event in the history of the fledgling colony, sealed the fate of Europe and from then on they were considered “enemies”.

The promised supply ships, apparently late, prompted them to return to England at the first opportunity – and when Sir Francis Drake sailed to Roanoke Island, the opportunity arose. However, fifteen colonists remained who watched over the fort and the land they had already taken.

Once again crossing the Atlantic during the third trip in 1587, 117 men, women and children, intending to establish a permanent housing estate and more representative for the real population, were promised individual plots.

However, after returning to Roanoke Island to re-supply the original 15, before they went inland to set up their own village, they found no trace of them.

John White, appointed governor of the new colony, returned to England due to a short supply trip, but conflict events – including the lack of ships to sail – prevented his departure until 1590 with subsequent ones at the beginning of the 17th century also failed to locate missing colonists who apparently left only an abandoned fort and some artifacts.

However, they were instructed to notify them if they decide to leave the area or if unforeseen events prove detrimental to their safety, and for this purpose the letters “CRO” were carved on the tree and the full word “CROATAN” appeared on the gate, both in terms of local tribe, and perhaps the reasons for their disappearance.

Although excavations are ongoing, the ultimate reason has never been found, leaving three hypotheses: they died of natural causes, were attacked or voluntarily left, but to the place and by what means it was never established, if in fact this third theory is true.

Part of this story are artifacts discovered during excavations in the fort and exhibited at the Lindsay Warren Visitor Center, whose main attraction is the decorative paneling characteristic of an Elizabethan estate that once decorated the walls of Heronden Hall in Kent, England before it was bought by William Randolph Hearst in 1926 for his own castle in San Simeon, California. The National Park Service purchased it in the 1960s. Rooms like this in the Visitor Center would be common in the homes of wealthy people, such as Sir Walter Raleigh himself.

The outer trail leads to the foundations of the reconstructed earth fort. “On this site,” according to a stone marker before him, “in July and August 1585, Colonists sent from England by Sir Walter Raleigh built a fort, which they called the new fort in Virginia. & # 39; These colonists were the first English settlers in America. They returned to England in July 1586. Together with Sir Francis Drake. Near this place, she was born on August 18, 1587. Virginia Dare, the first English child of America-born parents. ”

The historical account of the first English settlers, described as “a true story of adventure, courage and sacrifice,” which “enriches, educates and entertains”, is called “The Lost Colony” and is performed from late May to late August at the Waterside Theater, an outdoor theater Fort Raleigh National Historic Site. Based on the story of Paul Green, the Pulitzer laureate, it was first performed in 1937, but has been active since then and employs over 100 actors, singers and dancers who recreate the events that led to the first colonists & # 39; disappearance through royal performance, Indian dance, epic battles, Elizabethan music and fancy costumes.

Another local attraction is the Elizabethan Gardens, a 10.5-acre botanical garden with brick and sand walkways that offer over a thousand varieties of trees, shrubs and flowers.

“The museum was created to honor the first English colonists who honored these shores,” explains the museum: “History, mystery and fantasy are combined in these special gardens created by the Garden Club in North Carolina in 1951 as a living monument to the first English colonists who came to explore the New World between 1584-1587 and settle on Roanoke Island. ”

According to the sign in front of the House of Gates, a shop with an entrance and a garden shop: “The Symphonic Performance of the Lost Drama Outdoor” sowed the seeds in the creative minds that first predicted the garden. ”

There are many attractions in this peaceful oasis. For example, the statue of Queen Elizabeth I is the largest in the world that honored her, while the smaller statue of Virginia Dare is nearby. Hand-made bricks, gargoyle benches, seasonal flowers, a marble table and a stone bath highlight the garden-framed view of Roanoke Sound from the Overlook terrace. Colony Walk honors lost colonists who once crossed the same coasts and are lined with coast-tolerant plants. Reeds from Norfolk in England were used in thatched roof replicas of a 16th-century gazebo. The Camellia collection contains over 125 species of flowers, and ancient oak has survived since the colonists inhabited the island in 1585.

Another attraction of Roanoke Island is the North Carolina Aquarium, one of the three state facilities on the coast. Located in particular on the banks of the Roanoke Sound River, a short distance from Dare County Regional Airport, it presents the leitmotif of “Waters from external banks”.

The coastal plain of North Carolina, as shown on the “Coastal Freshwaters” screen, provides wildlife with a variety of freshwater habitats. Streams and rivers flow through marshes, pocosins and other wetlands on the way to the sounds. Waterways connect all these habitats, enabling wildlife to move from one to the other.

Albemarle Sound is powered by seven freshwater rivers. To survive in the sound itself, plants and animals must be able to adapt to changes in salinity that arise as a result of rainfall and drafts.

River otters and alligators roam the “Wetlands on the Edge” exhibition, while other exhibitions include those labeled “Marine Communities” and “Open Ocean”.

The focal point of the aquarium is the “Graveyard of the Atlantic” salt water exhibition with an area of ​​285,000 gallons, which has over 200 fish and the largest shark collection in North Carolina.



Popular log cabins – Cherokee


Log houses are small hand-made rustic houses. It is often called a first-generation residential building that is somewhat unstable, well-built and efficient. One of the types of log cabins that offers unique and comfortable accommodation are log cabins. It is popular in lakeside houses, hunting lodges, beach houses and guesthouses in a secluded area in the mountains.

The first settlers in America in the mid-eighteenth century provide shelter from logs. Today, Americans are constantly rediscovering and improving their natural lifestyle and log cabin designs. Cherokee mountain cabins combine basic, practical and functional home units in many styles. They provide a warm atmosphere for more relaxing and private accommodation.

Advantages of Cherokee mountain cabins

Cherokee chalets provide a contemporary lifestyle as well as a relatively low cost and energy-efficient construction. They build log houses that require very minimal maintenance despite their unique style and creative designs. They offer private and furnished cabins for a perfect romantic and family holiday.

This manufacturer provides cabins for rent in western North Carolina. Visitors can choose from two, three and three-room Nantahala cabins for a restorative rest. It has large living rooms, wooden floors, verandas, leather couches and stylish kitchens.

Cabin rental

Cherokee Lodge

This chalet is located in the mountains, 30 feet above White Oak Creek. It is equipped with Appalachian-style wood with stones. Accommodation includes two bedrooms with two bathrooms. The whole house has 16-meter cathedral ceilings, oak hardwood floors and a fireplace.

Facilities include central heating, two hot tubs and an omnidirectional shower. The full-size kitchen has a counter top, microwave, dishwasher, coffee maker, fridge, oven and washer / dryer. Modern amenities include a 42-inch plasma TV, DVD, survey table, hot tubs and gas grill.


It is a side cabin with a side jet with one bedroom and one bathtub. It is suspended on a ridge, overlooking White Oak Creek. Hideaway offers unique amenities in fully equipped kitchens and entertainment systems. It also includes an attic games room, pool table, reading room and a two-person hot tub.

Slippery Rock

This cabin has three bedrooms and bathrooms near Murphy, North Carolina. The cabin has unique, luxurious furniture and hand-made furniture. It has its own view of the waterfall and hot tub near the creek.

The main floor of the house has a 20-meter ceiling with beams, and the entertainment area has a satellite surround system. The well-equipped kitchen includes a dining area with copper and Corian countertops. Guests can enjoy the comfort of a king-size four-poster bed. There is a multi-level outer deck, which is a great place for grilling.

Water’s Edge

This cabin is ideal for a quiet family holiday. It lies on a two-lane mountain road in the middle of the Nantahala National Forest. It is the largest cabin a few minutes away from fishing, rafting and boating.

This three-room cabin has 2 ½ bathtubs, a fireplace, a hand-carved staircase with an attic and a handrail on the porch. The kitchen has antique dishes with a chandelier. Game and sport enthusiasts can take advantage of modern amenities in the electric dartboard, a computer with internet access in the attic in the games room.

Adohi Lodge

Adohi means peace. This cottage offers comfortable and quiet rooms in a luxury two-bedroom apartment with a bathtub. Guests can relax by the fire, spend the evening in the hot tub or play games. You can also hang with your feet on the stream side and look at the views of the mountains.

The Cherokee chalet also offers a large covered pavilion for family reunions, weddings or picnics. It has a kitchen, toilet, fireplace, bathtubs and 8-meter cedar picnic tables. The entertainment area includes a stage for the band and a DVD player for movie nights. This place is really a great time to relax away from the hustle and bustle of the city.



Hotels in North Myrtle Beach


Myrtle Beach is a beautiful city located in Horry County, South Carolina. The city of myrtle beach is known for its elegant 60-kilometer chain of calm, sandy beaches called “Grand Strand”.

The birthplace of state dance in South Carolina, the shag and home to Vanna White, Myrtle Beach North, are just a few hours drive from historic day-trip destinations such as Charleston, South Carolina and Wilmington, North Carolina.

The city is divided into five beaches called Cherry Grove, Tilghman, Ocean Drive, Cresent Beach and Windy Hill, from north to south.

The beautiful Myrtle Beach is a major tourist destination along the South Atlantic coast in the United States, widely known for its wide beaches, a large selection of difficult golf links myrtle beach, excellent seafood restaurants, hotels on myrtle, holiday homes and myrtle style shopping on the myrtle beach. The city attracts over 14 million tourists annually.

Excellent hotels in the north of myrtle, holiday homes in the north of myrtle and apartments in the north of myrtle are widely known for their captivating landscapes.

Undoubtedly, the northern myrtle beach is an ideal tourist destination, but it is always good to plan places and their hotels, holiday homes, apartments and holiday rentals in advance before visiting them. Proper planning and knowledge can save a lot of money.

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